After a loss, family members often deal with their grief in different ways. Grief can draw families closer together. Sometimes, it can pull them apart.
No one can adequately prepare you to handle your grief, let alone a spouse's or a child's grief. Learning about grief and how it affects your family can help you get through the difficult times together. It may even help your family grow stronger.
When you're grieving, you tend to be in a state of chaos. Grief may:
Throw your life into turmoil
Challenge your beliefs
You can't predict how you’ll respond when someone you love dies. Reactions to loss depend on many factors, such as:
How the person died
The kind of relationship you had with the person
If you have had other losses, and how you dealt with them
Each family member will express grief in his or her own way. There are as many ways to grieve as there are people. Here’s an example of the differences in the ways men and women grieve:
Women tend to feel more comfortable talking openly about their emotions. Often, women cry more easily than men do.
Men tend to take an active approach to handling their grief. They may, for example, plant a tree or organize an event in honor of the person who has died.
But these are only tendencies. Most people draw from both types of behavior. It's important to remember that there is no right way to grieve. Knowing that your parent, child, or spouse deals with grief differently than you do can help you understand and support one another during this difficult time.
As a parent, your first reaction to a death in the family may be to protect your child from the pain of loss. Be careful that your protective instincts don't make it more difficult for your child to grieve. Like adults, children experience chaos and loneliness when someone they love dies. Here are some tips to help them:
Let them know that they aren't alone in what they are feeling. Be your child's role model for how to grieve. Sharing some of your own sorrow can help your child feel less isolated.
Help them understand what it means for someone to die. This is the only way they can comprehend what has happened. You may tell them, "Grandma's gone to heaven," but they don't know what that means.
Explain what happens to the body of the person who has died. You might tell your child: "Grandma's body has stopped working. Her body doesn't feel anything." You may also want to talk about your family’s spiritual beliefs at this time.
Reassure children that they will be OK. Children often fear for their own safety after a loved one dies. They may also fear that their parents may die. Remind children of all the people who love them and who are there to take care of them.
Family members resolve their grief at different times and in different ways. The grieving process does not fit into a timetable. Healing from a loss can take a long time. Experts say that it may take years to adjust to the loss of a spouse. Children who lose a parent may process grief in spurts over a period of years.
Soon after a loved one dies, you might feel OK for only a few hours at a time. Eventually you'll have good days, then weeks. Over time, you'll find yourself looking to the future with hope. Once you have accepted the loss, it doesn't mean you've forgotten that person. This is an important point to stress to children. Remembering this can help them, and you, move forward with life.
These suggestions can help you and your family deal with grief:
Talk about the person who died. Use his or her name.
Tell stories and express what the person meant to you.
Try to wait at least one year before making major decisions.
Make new friends and spend time with old ones.
Accept changes in family traditions. Family roles may have changed.
Plan ahead for holidays. These times might be more difficult for you and your family.