By knowing the risk factors for laryngeal cancer, you can decide what you can and cannot control. A risk factor is something that may increase the chance of developing a disease. Men, African-Americans, and people older than age 65 are all at an increased risk for laryngeal cancer. Most risk factors for laryngeal cancer, such as smoking, alcohol abuse, and diet, are things you can control.
Smoking and exposure to secondhand smoke (other people's smoke) increase your risk.
Drinking more than 1 drink with alcohol a day increases your risk. If you drink heavily and smoke, your risk is many times higher than if you did not smoke or drink.
People who have been exposed to sulfuric acid mist, nickel, wood dust, paint fumes, or asbestos on the job have an increased risk of developing laryngeal cancer. Those working around these substances should follow safety and work regulations to avoid inhaling them.
A diet that is low in some vitamins and minerals might increase your risk for laryngeal cancer.
People with inherited conditions, such as Fanconi anemia and dykeratosis congenita, are at increased risk for laryngeal cancer.