Urine urea nitrogen, 24-hour urine test
This test measures the amount of urea nitrogen in your urine.
Urea nitrogen is a waste product made when your liver breaks down protein. It's carried in your blood, filtered out by your kidneys, and removed from your body in your urine. If your liver isn't healthy, it may not break down proteins the way it should, and if your kidneys aren't healthy, they may not properly filter urea. Either of these problems can lead to changes in the amount of urea nitrogen in your body.
If you are dehydrated – you don't have enough fluid in your body – you may have extra urea in your blood because you aren't passing much urine.
You may have this test if your doctor wants to find out how healthy your kidneys are or wants to see whether your medical treatment is working.
You may also have this test to look at your protein balance.
Your doctor may also order blood tests, usually within 48 hours of this test. These tests may include:
Blood albumin-to-creatinine ratio
Your doctor may also order a kidney X-ray or a kidney biopsy, in which a tiny piece of your kidney tissue is removed and looked at.
Many things may affect your lab test results. These include the method each lab uses to do the test. Even if your test results are different from the normal value, you may not have a problem. To learn what the results mean for you, talk with your health care provider.
Results are given in grams per 24 hours. A normal range is 12 to 20 grams/24 hours.
Lower levels may mean that you don't have enough protein in your diet or that you have kidney problems.
Higher levels may mean that you are getting too much protein in your diet or your body is breaking down too much protein.
This test requires a 24-hour urine sample. For this sample, you must collect all the urine you make for 24 hours. Empty your bladder completely first thing in the morning without collecting it and note the time. Then collect your urine every time you go to the bathroom for the next 24 hours.
This test poses no known risks.
Certain drugs can affect your results.
You don't need to prepare for this test. But be sure your doctor knows about all medicines, herbs, vitamins, and supplements you are taking. This includes medicines that don't need a prescription and any illicit drugs you may use.