Jumper's knee, also known as patellar tendonitis, is a condition characterized by inflammation of the patellar tendon, which connects the kneecap to shin bone (tibia). The condition may be caused by overuse of the knee joint, such as frequent jumping on hard surfaces.
The following are the most common symptoms of jumper's knee. However, each individual may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms may include:
Pain and tenderness around the patellar tendon
Pain with jumping, running, or walking
Pain with bending or straightening the leg
Tenderness behind the lower portion of the kneecap
The symptoms of jumper's knee may resemble other conditions or medical problems. Always consult your doctor for a diagnosis.
In addition to a complete medical history and physical examination, diagnostic procedures for jumper's knee may include a radiograph of the knee to rule out a problem coming from the bones rather than the patellar tendon. This would involve a negative image of the knee, taken with photographic film, using exposure to X-rays or gamma rays passing through matter or tissue in the body.
Specific treatment for jumper's knee will be determined by your doctor based on:
Your age, overall health, and medical history
Extent of the condition
Your tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies
Expectations for the course of the condition
Your opinion or preference
The best course of treatment for jumper's knee is to discontinue any activity that is causing the condition, until the injury is healed. Other treatment may include:
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications
Ice pack application (to reduce swelling)
Stretching and strengthening exercises