A lumbar strain is an injury to the lower back. This causes damage to your tendons and muscles. They can spasm and feel sore.
Trauma can injure the tendons and muscles in your lower back. Pushing and pulling sports, such as weight lifting or football, can cause a lumbar strain. In addition, sports that require sudden twisting of the lower back, such as in tennis, basketball, baseball, and golf, can lead to this injury. Certain risk factors, such as excessive lower back curvature, forward-tilted pelvis, weak back and/or abdominal muscles, and tight hamstrings, can increase your chances for this injury.
Each person may have different symptoms. Some symptoms of lumbar strain are:
Sudden lower back pain
Spasms in the lower back that result in more severe pain
Lower back feels sore to the touch
The symptoms of a lumbar strain sometimes look like other conditions and medical problems. Always see your health care provider for a diagnosis.
Your health care provider will check your medical history and give you a physical examination.
Your health care provider will figure out your treatment based on:
How old you are
Your overall health and medical history
How bad the injury is
How well you can handle specific medications, procedures, and therapies
How long the problem is expected to last
Your opinion or preference
Treatment may include:
Ice packs and compression applied to the back
Exercises (to strengthen the abdominal muscles)
Stretching and strengthening exercises (for the lower back as it heals)
Education regarding the use and wearing of appropriate protective equipment
Medications, such as anti-inflammatories
Call you health care provider right away if you have:
Pain radiating down the leg
Pain with a fever, weakness in the leg, or loss of control of the bladder or bowels