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Gastritis is when your stomach lining gets red and swollen (inflamed).
Your stomach lining is strong. In most cases acid does not hurt it. But it can get inflamed and irritated if you drink too much alcohol, eat spicy foods, or smoke.
Gastritis may be caused by many things.
It can be caused by diet and lifestyle habits such as:
Health issues that can lead to gastritis include:
Some diseases can also cause gastritis. These include:
Each person’s symptoms may vary. The most common symptoms of gastritis include:
The symptoms of gastritis may look like other health problems. Always see your health care provider to be sure.
Your health care provider will give you a physical exam and ask about your past health. You may also have tests including:
Your health care provider will make a care plan for you based on:
In most cases you will be given antacids and other medicines to reduce your stomach acid. This will help ease your symptoms and heal your stomach lining.
If your gastritis is caused by an illness or infection, you should also treat that health problem.
If your gastritis is caused by the H. pylori bacteria, you will be given medicines to help kill the bacteria. In most cases you will take 2 antibiotics and a proton pump inhibitor (medicine that reduces the amount of acid in your stomach). You may also be given Pepto-Bismol.
You should not have any foods, drinks, or medicines that cause symptoms or irritate your stomach. If you smoke, it is best to quit.
Chronic gastritis hurts your stomach lining. It can raise your risk for other health problems such as:
You may also get atrophic gastritis. This can happen if your gastritis is caused by the H. pylori bacteria or by an autoimmune disorder. Atrophic gastritis destroys the stomach lining cells that make your digestive juices. This raises your risk for getting stomach cancer.
Experts don’t know it is possible to stop gastritis from happening. But you may lower your risk of getting the disease by:
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