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Cervicitis is an irritation or infection of the cervix. A number of different organisms can cause it. Cervicitis can be either acute, meaning symptoms start suddenly and are severe, or chronic, lasting over a period of months or longer.
Cervicitis may be caused by any of a number of sexually transmitted infections including:
It is often confused with vaginitis.
While each woman may experience symptoms differently, the following are the most common symptoms of cervicitis:
Infections within the vagina are easily passed to the cervix. Then the tissue of the cervix can become inflamed and form an open sore. One early sign of this is a pus-like vaginal discharge.
The symptoms of cervicitis may look like other conditions or medical problems. Always consult your health care provider for a diagnosis.
Along with a complete medical history and physical and pelvic exam, you may also be tested for chlamydia, gonorrhea, herpes, bacterial vaginosis, and trichimoniasis. Your health care provider will also do a vaginal exam to see if you have pelvic inflammatory disease.
Specific treatment for cervicitis will be determined by your health care provider based on:
Treatment is aimed at reducing symptoms and preventing spread of infection and may include:
Cervicitis is caused by organisms that can move up into the uterus and fallopian tubes if not treated. This can cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). PID can lead to infertility and peritonitis, a life-threatening infection. The organisms can also be passed to sexual partners who can develop serious complications.
Tips to help you get the most from a visit to your health care provider:
Bayhealth is Southern Delaware’s healthcare leader with hospitals in Dover and in Milford. Bayhealth provides a wide range of medical services, including cardiovascular, cancer, orthopaedics and rehabilitation, pediatrics, respiratory care, sleep care, surgical weight loss and women’s services.