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Rhinitis is a reaction that happens in the eyes, nose, and throat when allergens in the air trigger the release of histamine in the body. Histamine causes itching, swelling, and fluid to build up in the fragile linings of nasal passages, sinuses, and eyelids.
Allergic rhinitis can happen on a seasonal basis or year-round. Year-round allergic rhinitis happens more often in younger children. There is usually a family history of allergic rhinitis.
The most common causes of allergic rhinitis in children are:
The following are the most common symptoms of allergic rhinitis. However, each child may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms may include:
Children with year-round allergic rhinitis may also have these symptoms:
The symptoms of allergic rhinitis may look like other conditions or medical problems. Always talk with your child’s health care provider for a diagnosis.
Your child’s health care provider will figure out the best treatment for your child based on:
The symptoms of allergic rhinitis sometimes look like other conditions or medical problems. Always see your child’s health care provider for a diagnosis.
Treatment options for rhinitis may include:
Children with asthma are at a higher risk for rhinitis. Allergic rhinitis is a common problem that may be linked to asthma. However, this link is not fully understood. Experts think that since rhinitis makes it hard to breathe through the nose, it is harder for the nose to work normally. Breathing through the mouth does not warm, filter, or humidify the air before it enters the lungs. This can make asthma symptoms worse.
Controlling asthma may help control allergic rhinitis in some children.
Preventive measures for avoiding allergic rhinitis include:
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