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Superficial first-degree burns affect only the epidermis, or outer layer of skin. The burn site is red, painful, dry, and with no blisters. Mild sunburn is an example. Long-term tissue damage is rare and usually consists of an increase or decrease in the skin color.
In most cases,superficial first-degree burns are caused by the following:
Flash burn -- a sudden, brief burst of heat
The following are the most common signs and symptoms of a superficial first-degree burn:
Skin that is painful to touch
Pain usually lasts 48 to 72 hours and then subsides
The symptoms of a first-degree burn may look like other conditions or medical problems. Talk to your child's doctor for a diagnosis.
Your child’s healthcare provider will figure out the best treatment based on:
How old your child is
His or her overall health and medical history
How sick he or she is
How well your child can handle specific medicines, procedures, or therapies
How long the condition is expected to last
Your opinion or preference
Superficial first-degree burns usually heal on their own within a week. Treatment may depend on the severity of the burn and may include the following:
Lotion or ointments
Acetaminophen or ibuprofen
Superficial first-degree burns are usually not bandaged. Talk with your child's doctor if additional treatment for first-degree burns is needed.
Bayhealth is Southern Delaware’s healthcare leader with hospitals in Dover and in Milford. Bayhealth provides a wide range of medical services, including cardiovascular, cancer, orthopaedics and rehabilitation, pediatrics, respiratory care, sleep care, surgical weight loss and women’s services.