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Hemolytic anemia may have intrinsic or extrinsic causes.
Some types of extrinsic hemolytic anemia are temporary and resolve over several months. Other types can become chronic with periods of remissions and recurrence.
These are the most common symptoms of hemolytic anemia:
The symptoms of hemolytic anemia may look like other health problems. Always check with your child's doctor for a diagnosis.
Your child’s healthcare provider may suspect hemolytic anemia from child's medical history and a physical exam. Your child may have these tests:
Your child’s healthcare provider will figure out the best treatment based on:
A child with hemolytic anemia is often treated by a hematologist, an expert in blood disorders. The treatment for hemolytic anemia will vary depending on the cause of the illness and how severe the anemia is. Some children do not need treatment. For those that do, treatment may include:
In some children, who do not respond to first-line therapy, these treatments may be needed:
Complications depend on the cause of the hemolytic anemia and include:
Managing hemolytic anemia depends on how severe the symptoms are. Children with mild symptoms will have regular blood checks.
Managing children with more severe symptoms is more involved. These children will also have their blood checked regularly. They may have trouble with daily activities due to their symptoms or treatment. They should also avoid people who are sick, if taking medicine that increases the chance of infection.
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