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An upper GI endoscopy or EGD (esophagogastroduodenoscopy) is a procedure to diagnose and treat problems in your upper GI tract (gastrointestinal tract).
The upper GI tract includes your food pipe (esophagus), stomach, and the first part of your small intestine (the duodenum).
An EGD is done using a long, flexible tube called an endoscope. The tube has a tiny light and video camera on one end. The tube is put into your mouth and throat. Then it is slowly pushed through your esophagus and stomach, and into your duodenum. Video images from the tube are seen on a monitor.
Small tools may also be inserted into the endoscope. These tools can be used to:
An EGD can be used to diagnose and treat problems in your upper GI tract.
It is often used to find the cause of unexplained symptoms such as:
An upper GI endoscopy can be used to identify disorders or problems such as:
An EGD can also treat problems in the upper GI tract. The procedure can be used to:
An endoscope can be used to take tissue samples (biopsies) or GI fluid samples. An EGD may also be done to check your stomach and duodenum after a surgery.
Your healthcare provider may have other reasons to recommend an EGD.
Some possible complications that may occur with an EGD are:
You may have other risks that are unique to you. Be sure to discuss any concerns with your healthcare provider before the procedure.
You may have an EGD as an outpatient or as part of your stay in a hospital. The way the test is done may vary depending on your condition and your healthcare provider's practices.
Generally, an EGD follows this process:
After the procedure, you will be taken to the recovery room to be watched. Once your blood pressure, pulse, and breathing are stable and you are awake and alert, you will be taken to your hospital room. Or you may be discharged to your home. If you are going home, someone must drive you.
You will not be allowed to eat or drink anything until your gag reflex returns. This is to prevent you from choking. You may have a sore throat and pain for a few days when you swallow. This is normal.
You may go back to your normal diet and activities, unless you have other instructions.
Call your healthcare provider if you have any of the following:
Your healthcare provider may give you other instructions, depending on your situation.
Before you agree to the test or the procedure make sure you know:
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