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Diabetes insipidus occurs when your body doesn’t make enough antidiuretic hormone (ADH) or kidneys don’t respond to it. ADH helps keep the right amount of water in the body. Normally, ADH controls how much urine your kidneys' put out so that you don’t get dehydrated. If you were a bit dehydrated, ADH should increase.
ADH is secreted by the hypothalamus, a small gland at the base of the brain. It is stored in the pituitary gland and then released into the bloodstream as needed.
Diabetes insipidus is not related to the more common type of diabetes called diabetes mellitus.
There are several types of diabetes insipidus:
Common symptoms may include:
The symptoms of diabetes insipidus may look like other health problems. Always consult your doctor for a diagnosis.
In addition to a complete medical history and physical exam, tests for may include:
Your health care provider will figure out the best treatment based on:
Treatment for diabetes insipidus depends on what is causing it.
For all types, specific fluid intake is needed.
There is no known treatment for dipsogenic diabetes insipidus.
If you don’t drink enough fluids, you can get dehydrated or have an electrolyte imbalance. Dehydration can cause:
Electrolyte imbalance can cause:
It’s important to follow your health care provider’s advice on medications and fluid intake to prevent complications.
If your symptoms get worse or you have new symptoms, call your health care provider right away.
Tips to help you get the most from a visit to your health care provider:
Bayhealth is Southern Delaware’s healthcare leader with hospitals in Dover and in Milford. Bayhealth provides a wide range of medical services, including cardiovascular, cancer, orthopaedics and rehabilitation, pediatrics, respiratory care, sleep care, surgical weight loss and women’s services.