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Stool antigen test
This is a stool sample test to look for the parasite Giardia intestinalis, which causes an infection of the small bowel called giardiasis or travelers' diarrhea. Symptoms include diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, abdominal (belly) cramps, dehydration, and vague feelings of discomfort. Giardiasis outbreaks are common in daycare centers and among people who travel internationally.
You might need this test if you have unexplained diarrhea or other symptoms listed above, and your medical history indicates that you may have this infection.
You may also have a white blood cell count done to check for infection and tests to look for other parasites in your stool.
Many things may affect your lab test results. These include the method each lab uses to do the test. Even if your test results are different from the normal value, you may not have a problem. To learn what the results mean for you, talk with your health care provider.
If the lab detects the parasite in your stool sample, most likely you have giardiasis. But Giardia may not be present in the first sample. Two or three samples may be needed for an accurate diagnosis.
This test requires a stool sample. Your doctor will instruct you how to collect a sample in a disposable specimen container with a lid. Do not collect stool from the toilet bowl or put toilet paper into the specimen container.
This test poses no known risks.
Barium, anti-diarrhea medicine, antacids, and mineral oil can interfere with this test. Antibiotic treatment can also affect the test results.
You do not need to prepare for this test.
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