640 South State StreetDover, Delaware 19901
21 West Clarke AvenueMilford, Delaware 19963
401 North Carter RoadSmyrna, DE 19977
640 S. State StreetDover DE 1990121 West Clarke AvenueMilford DE 19963
301 Jefferson AveMilford, DE 19963
1275 S. State StreetDover, Delaware 19901
GC, STD culture, culture of the cervix, urethra, and anus
Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by the bacterium N. gonorrhoeae. These bacteria often thrive in moist areas of the reproductive tract. But they can also grow in the eyes, mouth and throat, or anus. This test uses body fluids from the affected areas as the sample. These areas are often the cervix, urethra, penis, or rectum.
Lab technicians then culture the sample by putting it in a special container with food normally found in the bacteria's natural habitat. If the bacteria that cause gonorrhea grow in your sample, it may mean you have gonorrhea.
You may have this test if your healthcare provider suspects you have gonorrhea. Gonorrhea is easily cured, but it can be dangerous and even life-threatening if not treated. It often causes pelvic inflammatory disease in women. This can lead to pain and infertility. It can also cause infertility in men and a potentially fatal blood infection in both women and men.
Symptoms of gonorrhea include:
Excess vaginal discharge
Burning sensation when urinating
Bleeding between periods
Green, white, or yellow discharge from the penis
Painful or swollen testicles
Anal itching, soreness and bleeding, and painful bowel movements are symptoms of anal gonorrhea.
If you are pregnant, you may also be checked for gonorrhea as part of your routine prenatal testing. A pregnant woman can pass gonorrhea to her baby during delivery. This may cause blindness or a potentially fatal blood infection. Finding and treating gonorrhea prevents such problems.
If you are a woman, your healthcare provider may test you for both genital and rectal gonorrhea. If you have had anal and oral intercourse, your provider will do a rectal and throat culture. You may also have blood tests or a tissue biopsy to check for other STDs.
Many things may affect your lab test results. These include the method each lab uses to do the test. Even if your test results are different from the normal value, you may not have a problem. To learn what the results mean for you, talk with your healthcare provider.
A negative, or normal, test result means the lab has found no evidence of gonorrhea. If you test positive for gonorrhea, you are most likely infected. Your sexual partner or partners should be tested and treated as well.
A healthcare provider inserts a sterile, cotton-tipped swab into the area to be tested. He or she may swab more than one site. You don't need to be sedated.
This test poses no known risks.
If you are female, your test results could be affected by:
Having your period
Douching within 24 hours of testing
Using lubricants and disinfectants
If you are male, your test results could be affected by:
Urinating within an hour of testing
Stool can contaminate samples taken from the anus. Taking antibiotics can also affect your test results.
Women should not take a bath or use a douche within 24 hours of testing. Men should not urinate within an hour of testing. In addition, be sure your healthcare provider knows about all medicines, herbs, vitamins, and supplements you are taking. This includes medicines that don't need a prescription and any illicit drugs you may use.
Bayhealth is Southern Delaware’s healthcare leader with hospitals in Dover and in Milford. Bayhealth provides a wide range of medical services, including cardiovascular, cancer, orthopaedics and rehabilitation, pediatrics, respiratory care, sleep care, surgical weight loss and women’s services.