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A biopsy is a procedure done to remove a sample of tissue from the body so it can be examined. The pleura are a double layer of membranes that surrounds the lungs. A pleural biopsy is a procedure to take a small piece of the pleura. This is done with a special biopsy needle. Or it’s done during surgery. The biopsy is done to look for infection, cancer, or another condition.
There are three types of pleural biopsy:
A pleural biopsy may be done to:
Your healthcare provider may also have other reasons to advise a pleural biopsy.
All procedures have some risks. The risks of this procedure may include:
Your risks may vary depending on your general health and other factors. Ask your healthcare provider which risks apply most to you. Talk with him or her about any concerns you have.
Pleural biopsy shouldn’t be done in people with certain bleeding conditions.
Your healthcare provider will explain the procedure to you. Ask him or her any questions you have. You may be asked to sign a consent form that gives permission to do the procedure. Read the form carefully. Ask questions if anything is not clear.
Tell your healthcare provider if you:
Make sure to:
You may have imaging tests before the procedure. These are done to find the right spot to do the biopsy. You may have any of the below:
You may have your procedure as an outpatient. This means you go home the same day. Or it may be done as part of a longer stay in the hospital. The way the procedure is done may vary. It depends on your condition and your health care provider's methods. In most cases, a needle biopsy will follow this process:
After the procedure, your blood pressure, pulse, and breathing will be watched. You may have another chest X-ray done a few hours after the procedure. The dressing over the puncture site will be checked for bleeding or other fluid.
If you had an outpatient procedure, you will go home when your healthcare provider says it’s okay. Someone will need to drive you home.
At home, you can go back to your normal diet and activities if instructed by your healthcare provider. You may need to not do strenuous physical activity for a few days.
The biopsy site may be tender or sore for several days. You can take pain medicine as advised by your healthcare provider. Aspirin and certain other pain medicines may increase bleeding. Make sure to take only the medicines your healthcare provider advises.
Call your healthcare provider if you have any of the below:
Your healthcare provider may give you other instructions after the procedure.
Before you agree to the test or the procedure make sure you know:
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