640 South State StreetDover, Delaware 19901
21 West Clarke AvenueMilford, Delaware 19963
401 North Carter RoadSmyrna, DE 19977
640 S. State StreetDover DE 1990121 West Clarke AvenueMilford DE 19963
301 Jefferson AveMilford, DE 19963
1275 S. State StreetDover, Delaware 19901
This test measures levels of protein S, a protein in the blood that helps prevent blood clots. Protein S works along with another protein in the blood, called protein C, to help your blood clot normally.
If you don't have enough protein S in your blood, you have a condition called a protein S deficiency. This means that your blood may clot too much. Protein S deficiency is usually an inherited condition. You can inherit the abnormal, or mutated, gene that reduces the level of protein S in the blood. The gene does this by affecting how much of the protein your body makes.
Protein S deficiency increases your risk for blood clots, including a serious condition called deep vein thrombosis (DVT). DVT causes dangerous blood clots to form in your arms or legs. These blood clots may travel throughout the body and settle in your lungs. A blood clot in the lungs, known as a pulmonary embolism (PE), can be life-threatening. Health care providers use the term venous thromboembolism (VTE) to describe the two conditions, DVT and PE> They use the term VTE because the two conditions are very closely related. And, because their prevention and treatment are closely related.
Protein S deficiency can be mild or severe. About one in 500 people will have a mild form of protein S deficiency. No one knows how many people have severe protein S deficiency, but the condition is thought to be quite rare. In severe forms of protein S deficiency, blood clots can form in small vessels throughout the body and can be life threatening.
You may need this test if you have had a blood clot, or VTE, including a DVT or a pulmonary embolism. You may also need this test if one of your parents has a protein S deficiency, since the condition can be inherited.
Your doctor may order other tests, including a protein C test. Proteins C and S work together to help the blood clot normally.
Many things may affect your lab test results. These include the method each lab uses to do the test. Levels of protein S in the blood can be affected by surgery, pregnancy, birth control pills, and hormone replacement therapy in addition to other medical conditions. Even if your test results are different from the normal value, you may not have a problem. To learn what the results mean for you, talk with your health care provider.
The test requires a blood sample, which is drawn through a needle from a vein in your arm.
Taking a blood sample with a needle carries risks that include bleeding, infection, bruising, or feeling dizzy. When the needle pricks your arm, you may feel a slight stinging sensation or pain. Afterward, the site may be slightly sore.
Some medications, including anticoagulant medications, or blood thinners, oral contraceptives; and hormone replacement therapy medications may affect your test results.
You don't need to prepare for this test. Your doctor will tell you if you need to avoid eating or drinking in the hours before the test or skip any of your medications on the day of the test.
Tell your doctor if you are taking any medications that can affect the way that your blood clots, such as Coumadin (warfarin). And be sure your doctor knows about all other medicines, herbs, vitamins, and supplements you are taking. This includes medicines that don't need a prescription and any illicit drugs you may use.
Bayhealth is Southern Delaware’s healthcare leader with hospitals in Dover and in Milford. Bayhealth provides a wide range of medical services, including cardiovascular, cancer, orthopaedics and rehabilitation, pediatrics, respiratory care, sleep care, surgical weight loss and women’s services.