Good nutrition is a cornerstone of good health. A low-fat, low-cholesterol diet can reduce your risk for heart disease, certain cancers, diabetes, stroke, and other diseases.
The best way to improve your diet is to eat more fruits and vegetables. For adults, the 2010 USDA dietary guidelines recommend 2 cups of fruit and 2½ to 3 cups of vegetables each day. You should also get at least 6 ounces a day of grains (3 to 4 ounces should come from whole grains), and 3 cups a day of fat-free or low-fat milk or milk products. Be wise when choosing low-fat foods. Many have added salt to improve the flavor. Be sure to read food labels before you buy.
Here are easy ways to make your diet better:
Go for seconds--on nonstarchy vegetables. Reminder: A typical vegetable serving size is ½ cup.
Eat a whole-grain, unsweetened cereal for breakfast, and top your cereal with fresh fruit. You'll add fiber and, depending on the fruit, a healthy dose of vitamins A, B and C. If you must have sweetened cereal, use a no-calorie sweetener, such as aspartame (Equal, NutraSweet) or sucralose (Splenda).
Order healthy choices when you eat out. Select foods such as baked fish or chicken.
Use low-fat or nonfat dressing on your salad. Four tablespoons of regular dressing can contain 60 grams of fat, which is as much as most adults should consume in a day.
Eat fish for dinner at least once a week. The omega-3 fatty acids in fish can help keep your heart healthy.
Choose whole fruit over fruit juice. You'll consume less sugar and more fiber.
Drink a full glass of water before a meal and another one with it. You'll stay hydrated and be less likely to overeat.
Add lentils, beans, kasha, brown rice, and peas to your diet for an added fiber boost.
Buy low-fat or fat-free turkey and ham for sandwiches, or create your own cold cuts by roasting and slicing the meat yourself.
Choose low-fat alternatives when a food craving hits. Pick baked chips instead of regular ones. Eat fresh or dried fruit for a midmorning or midafternoon snack.
Don't peel apples, pears, peaches, and potatoes. Many of their nutrients and a lot of their fiber is contained in, or just under, their skins.
Drink iced tea, diet soda, or water instead of regular soda. A 12-ounce can of regular soda contains 10 teaspoons of sugar; diet sodas are sugar-free, but contain no nutrients and lots of chemicals.
Read food labels of comparable brands of salad dressings, convenience foods, frozen foods, packaged dinners, cookies, and crackers. Choose those with the least fat, cholesterol, and salt (sodium).
Switch from whole milk to 1 percent or skim (nonfat) milk.
Watch your portion sizes. Even healthy foods can cause you to gain weight if you eat too much of them.